BASIC CUTTING TECHNIQUES
These Cutting Techniques are Vital to Produce Foods with Different Sizes and Consistencies in order to Improve Taste and Cooking Consistency:
BRUNOISE (FINE DICE)
This particular technique will allow you to fine diced vegetables and fruit. Normally, the food is cross cut and then sliced across the sticks in order to create fine cubes. Foods that are commonly brunoised include turnips, onions and carrots.
The chiffonade technique is usually used on leafy vegetables and herbs. Some examples include, spinach, lettuce, basil herbs and cabbage. This is accomplished by first cutting the food into long strips, and then cross cutting them in the preferred thickness.
JULIENNE (MATCH STICK CUTS)
The Julienne technique allows you to cut foods into long, thin match stick like pieces. This is a cutting style that is normally used for zucchini, carrots, celery and capsicum, but it can be used on virtually any type of vegetable.
MACEDOINE (LARGE DICE)
This particular technique is used to cut vegetables and fruit into large cubes, which is ideal for preparing vegetables that will be used in soups. Cooks also cut melons and other types of large fruit using this technique. When using this technique, it is important to have aflat surface to cut on.
Slicing is a technique in which you cut food into thin slices that are relatively broad in comparison to the slice depth. You can use this technique on meats, fruit and vegetables for use in any number of vegetables.
Mincing creates a food with An even smaller consistence that you would be able to using the brunoise technique. To use this technique effectively, you will need to holdyour knife handle with one hand and use your other hand to keep the blade’s tip in contact with the cutting surface — while bringing your blade down into the food.
This is a common technique that is used to cut long fruit and vegetables, such as zucchini and carrots. Using this technique will allow you to make more attractive pieces, while exposing more of the food’s surface.
This is a technique that is used to cut broad, thin slices of vegetables and meat. You accomplish thisby laying your food flat on a cutting surface and angling your knife blade parallel to the cutting surface, in order to cut through the food.
This is a technique that is used to crush foods like garlic and ginger, and it is best accomplished by using a flat surface like a walnut cutting board and using a large blade to press downward on the food.
An Excellent video from TASTEMADE can be found here.